Vermont Surgeons MOLLUS Medal Group
Army Assistant Surgeon John B. Crandall served with distinction in the Battles of Antietem with the 6th Vermont Volunteer Infantry and at Gettysburg with the 13th Vermont Volunteer Infantry.
Born Feb. 22, 1840, Crandall enlisted from Berlin, Vermont on October 15, 1861 as a Hospital Steward in the 6th Vermont Infantry and saw action with the 6th to include the Battle of Antietam. He transferred to the 13th Vermont Infantry as an Assistant Surgeon on October 7, 1862 again engaged with the regiment through the Battle of Gettysburg. He mustered into U.S. Volunteers Regiment July 7, 1863. And lastly was appointed Asst. Surgeon 7th U.S. Cavalry under General Custer in 1867. He resigned his commission in 1868 and began practicing medicine in Sterling, Illinois, dying there on October 20, 1911. He is buried at Riverside Cemetery in Sterling.
Included here is his excellent condition MOLLUS Medal number 12716, traceable to Crandall and his equally excellent GAR membership medal.
More here 'Vermont 'Lest we Forget'
Obituary: St. Albans Daily Messenger, Oct. 23, 1911
Dr. John B. Crandall, a graduate of the medical department of the University of Vermont, Burlington, and an assistant surgeon in the Thirteenth Vermont regiment, is dead at his home at Sterling, Ill. He had been ill for some time of Bright's disease. He was born in Roxbury, February 21, 1840. At an early date his father moved to Berlin, where he attended the common schools and worked on the farm until he entered Barre Academy.
Soon after the breaking out of Civil War, and while he was still a medical student, he entered military service October 15, 1861, as a hospital steward of the Sixth Vermont Volunteer Infantry. During a leave of absence, he entered the University of Vermont and graduated, being promoted after graduation to assistant surgeon of the 13th Vermont volunteer infantry.
Doctor Crandall was mustered out with the regiment July 21, 1863, and soon afterward was appointed surgeon of the United States Volunteers. He served in the Baxter and Sloan hospital in the autumn of 1865 and followed this with a post-graduate course in the College of Physicians and Surgeons of New York. In the summer of 1866, he was appointed assistant surgeon in the United States army and assigned to duty with the Seventh U.S. Cavalry in the department of the Missouri, and was with General Custer's command in several Indian fights. He resigned and left the army in the summer of 1868 and began practice in Sterling, Ill.
6th Vermont Infantry 10/61-10/62
On October 15, 1861 the regiment was mustered into the United States service and soon enroute to the front. In April 1862 at Lee's Mills, it received its true "baptism of fire." when they crossed Warwick Creek, through water up to the waist, under a severe and galling fire, and attacked the enemy's works. At the moment of success it was decided to abandon the attack and they were ordered to retire. The loss of the regiment in this battle was 23 killed and mortally wounded, and 57 wounded. Leaving Lee's Mills, the regiment moved up the Peninsula, and on the 5th of May they were again in battle at Williamsburg. The Sixth was engaged in a severe skirmish at Golding's Farm, in which it lost one killed, six wounded and missing. The regiment marched to Savage's Station, where a battle was fought in the afternoon, lasting well into the night. In this fight the regiment lost 21 killed and mortally wounded, and 54 wounded and missing. On the Peninsula the regiment was constantly in the front, participating in nearly all the battles and skirmishes of the campaign. The regiment participated in the Maryland campaign and was engaged in the bloody battle of Antietam including the storming of Crampton's Gap, on the 14th of September.
The 13th Vermont Infantry at Gettysburg
The 13th Vermont arrived on the Gettysburg battle field July 1 and held in reserve as the battle began its crescendo. On July 2nd 5 companies moved to support Union Artillery on Cemetery Hill. That evening the other five companies charged to the Rogers House on the Emmitsburg Road and captured 83 prisoners before joining the companies on Cemetery Hill. On the morning of July 3rd a Confederate column crossed the Emmitsburg Road, the regiment advanced to the rail breastworks and opened fire as the Confederates obliqued to their left. The regiment changed front forward attacking the Confederate right flank capturing 243 prisoners.
From the 13th Vermont unit history
Image courtesy of Find A Grave
Vermont Monument at Gettysburg