MOLLUS Medal History
Excerpted from the Records of the New York Commanderyof The Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States.
In response to the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln, The Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States (MOLLUS) was founded on April 15, 1865 in Philadelphia. The object of the MOLLUS was and is “to cherish the memories and associations of the war waged in defense of the unity and indivisibility of the Republic.” MOLLUS membership was open to male officers of all branches who fought in the “suppression of the Rebellion" (1st Class), thier male descendants (2nd Class Companions), or individuals who “...during the Rebellion were specially distinguished ” (3rd class Companions). The MOLLUS is organized into “Commanderies" by state and MOLLUS membership has included Presidents Rutherford B. Hayes, Ulysses S. Grant, Benjamin Harrison, William McKinley, and President Abraham Lincoln (an honorary membership awarded posthumously). The MOLLUS raised support for benefits for military veterans of the Civil War and supported American patriotism.
Made of 14K gold with enamel finish, these medals are numbered on the link. Those numbered to MOLLUS 1st Class Veteran members are traceable, those named to 2nd Class Companion hereditary members are not traceable. As Veteran awards were handed down to a descendant, the Companion number was often added to the link. The original Veteran awards had a wide blue center stripe and Companion awards a wide red center stripe. Be aware that that distinction is often not made as Veteran awards were handed down to sons and medals were reribboned with available stocks. The planchet is identical on both awards. The medals of MOLLUS Commandery officer's were worn from a neck ribbon or crevatte.
Military Order of the Loyal Legion 1st Class Veteran's award.
MOLLUS Companion medal
MOLLUS medal numbered link showing an
example with both 1st and 2nd Class numbers.
MOLLUS Medals are found in titled cardboard issue boxes as well as fitted private purchase cases, most often by BB&B.
MOLLUS Commander's neck ribbon