First Massachusetts Artillery Corps Badge
A fine wartime Corps Badge purchased for the unit in 1864 when it was mustered out of Mass. Service into U.S. Army service. Skillfully inscribed with unit on obverse top, engagements inscribed on the drop obverse. The reverse is engraved to
John F. Carroll
Research shows Carroll enlisted in Boston as a 20 year old Private on 8/28/1861 into the 1st Mass. Light Artillery. He Re-enlisted on 12/23/1863. Some records show he deserted on 7/27/1864 at Washington, DC but he transferred to the 5th U.S> Light Artillery Batty M with other members of his battery.
Research follows the images
$5,000.00 ON HOLD
An identical badge just sold in Heritage Auction for $6,875.00+commision.
The 1st Batty. Mass. Vol. Lt. Art. was raised in Boston beginning August 28, 1861 and was sent to Camp Cameron, North Cambridge. After its arrival it was equipped with four 10 lb. Parrott guns and two 12 lb. howitzers. Assigned to Franklin's Division they were sent to Fairfax Court House, VA. The battery was attached to the 6th Corps, 1st Division and sent to the Peninsula. They took part in the Seven Days Battles, Mechanicsville, Gaines Mill, Charles City Cross Roads, and Malvern Hill. At Harrison's Landing, July 2, the battery exchanged its guns for six 12 lb. Napoleons. Returning to the defense of Washington in August, 1862 it took part in the fall campaign of 1862, engaged at South Mountain, Sept. 14, and Antietam, Sept. 17. Engaged in the battle of Fredericksburg, Dec. 13, the battery was attached to Howe's 2nd Division. After its winter quarters near White Oak Church, the Battery entered the Chancellorsville campaign in May, 1863. On May 3rd, the battery crossed the Rappahannock near Fredericksburg and supported the infantry of the 6th Corps in its assault which carried Marye's Heights. The same and the following day the battery served in the conflict at Salem Church. Arriving on the field of Gettysburg July 2nd serving with the 6th Corps. After the Mine Run campaign in late November 1863, it went into winter quarters at Brandy Station. Crossing the Rapidan at Germanna Ford, May 4, 1864, the battery was in position on the Union right May 5 at the Wilderness. Continuing by the left flank to Spottsylvania, it was engaged May 9 on a knoll where the Sedgwick monument now stands and facing the fields of the Spindle farm. General Sedgwick was killed by a sharpshooter while standing between the guns of the of the battery. At Cold Harbor, June 1-12 the battery was in action south of the Mechanicsville road. Crossing the James River mid June, the battery was stationed on the lines in front of Petersburg. Sent with the 6th Corps to Washington, it reached that city July 11, 1864, just in time to assist in saving the city from capture by General Early. It then joined in the pursuit of Early into the Valley. It was engaged at Winchester, Sept. 19, and at Fisher's Hill, Sept. 22. On Oct. 2, 1864 the men were transferred to Batty. "M" 5th Regt. U. S. Art. and later to the 9th Mass. Lt. Battery. On October 19, 1864, they mustered out.